Peterborough Nutritionist - Nutritional diseases are conditions in humans which are directly or indirectly caused by a lack of essential nutrients in the food intake. These diseases are usually linked with chronic malnutrition. Conditions like for example obesity because of overeating can likewise significantly contribute to serious health conditions. Acute poisoning can be caused by an excessive intake of several nutrients.
When the body consumes too many calories as opposed to the amount of exercise the body is doing, obesity can happen due to a distorted energy balance. It can cause health problems like for instance diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Obesity can lead to an increased mortality and different health problems.
Another significant factor in rates of obesity is the low-cost foods that are more readily available within the poorer neighbourhoods. Fast foods are usually really high in sugars, additives and fats, while providing low nutritional values. Within more affluent countries, obesity is a sign of malnutrition and poverty. On the other hand, within poorer countries, obesity is usually connected with wealth and good nutrition. Other reasons of obesity comprise: sleep deprivation, heredity, stress and lack of exercise. Acute overeating can even be a sign of an eating disorder, like for instance Bulimia.
The intake of Goitrogenic foods can lead to goitres by interfering with iodine uptake within the body.
Vitamins and Micronutrients
When the body experiences very high storage vitamin levels, vitamin poisoning can occur resulting in toxic symptoms. The different names of the conditions will be derived from the name of the vitamin involved. Like for instance, hypervitaminosis A means too much vitamin A within the body. Iron overload disorders are sicknesses that happen because of the over accumulation of iron in the body and the inability for this nutrient to exit, thus resulting in a dangerous build up. Haemochromotosis is one example and the organs that may be affected include the endocrine glands, the heart and the liver.
When certain nutrients are not available to the system, severe health conditions are likely to occur. Not having enough proteins, fats and carbohydrates for instance, can lead to protein energy malnutrition known as Kwashiorkor disease. Mental retardation and Marasmus can likewise result. When minerals and vitamins are restricted from the food intake to poor nutrition, conditions like for example Calcium Deficiency, Rickets, Iodine Deficiency or Goitre, Beriberi, Tetany, Selenium deficiency, Iron Deficiency or Anemia and Zinc Growth Retardation among others can occur.
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