Liver Specialist Peterborough - The liver is a very important organ which carries our many functions in the body consisting of: protein synthesis, detoxification, and the production of biochemicals which are vital for digestion. The liver is required for the body to survive. Liver dialysis may be used temporarily but there is no way to function without a liver for long term.
The liver plays a major part in plasma protein synthesis, glycogen storage, the decomposition of red blood cells, detoxification, and hormone production. It is located in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen, below the diaphragm. The liver is responsible for bile production. This is an alkaline compound which emulsifies lipids to help in digestion. The tissues that make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, like the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules.
The liver is an amazing organ in the way that it is the only internal human organ that is capable of natural regeneration. It just takes as little as 25 percent of a liver to regenerate into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth as opposed to true regeneration. Thus, the lobes of the liver that are removed do not re-grow, and the growth of the liver is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
The liver in fact, supports practically every organ within the body and is very important for survival. However, the liver is prone to lots of diseases due to its location within the body and its multidimensional functions that it performs. Among the most common liver diseases consist of: cirrhosis, alcohol damage, fatty liver, hepatitis, A, B, C and E, cancer and tumors and damage caused by heavy use of medications, particularly cancer medications and acetaminophen, also called paracetamol.
Lots of illnesses of the liver are accompanied by jaundice since the increased levels of bilirubin in the body would often result from the breaking up of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Typically, the liver eliminates bilirubin from the blood and emits it through bile. Illnesses which affect liver function will result in derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a huge reserve capability and likewise a large capacity to regenerate. Normally, the liver just exhibits symptoms after extensive damage has happened.
Classic liver damage symptoms include: dark urine when bilirubin mixes with the urine, pale stools happen when the brown pigment stercobilin is absent from the stool. This pigment is derived from bilirubin metabolites which are produced in the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the whites of the eyes or the skin that takes place where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This causes an intense itching sensation which is the most common patient complaint with individuals suffering liver failure.
When there is a loss of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, excessive fatigue may take place. When the liver fails to produce albumin, swelling may happen in the feet, abdomen and ankles. Easy bruising and bleeding are other signs. Substances which help to prevent bleeding are produced within the liver, thus, when liver damage is present, these substances are no longer available and severe bleeding could result.
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