Naturopath in Peterborough - The organ of the body referred to as the kidney has numerous functions and plays an important part in the urinary system. The functions of the kidney comprises the maintaining of the acid-base balance, helping to serve the homeostatic functions of electrolyte regulation and maintaining the salt and water balance which helps in the blood pressure regulation. The kidneys serve the body by eliminating wastes and rerouting them to the urinary bladder. The kidneys act basically as the blood's natural filter.
The kidney will help to release wastes when producing urine. These wastes may comprise urea and ammonium from the body. Also, kidney's are responsible for the reabsorption of amino acids, glucose and water. The kidneys produce various hormones also like for instance: erythropoietin, calcitriol and the enzyme rennin.
The kidneys can be found at the rear of the abdominal cavity in the retro peritoneum. The blood comes into the kidneys from the paired renal arteries and flow out into the paired renal veins. Each kidney then excretes urine into a ureter. This is a tube-like paired structure which releases into the urinary bladder.
Nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with diseases of the kidney. Renal physiology describes the study of kidney function. Individuals with kidney disease often exhibit characteristic clinical features like chronic kidney disease, renal cysts, urinary tract obstruction, nephritic syndromes, nephrolithiasis and acute kidney injury.
There are cancers of the kidney that even exist, with renal cell carcinoma being the most popular renal cancer. Lots of cancers, renal conditions and cysts can be managed with removal of the kidney, also called nephrectomy. Kidney transplantation and kidney dialysis are some treatment options when renal function, which is measured by glomerular filtration rate is persistently poor.
Kidney stones are normally painful and may be a nuisance until dealt with, yet they are not really harmful. Treatments utilizing waves of sound can help to break up the stones into smaller pieces so that they are more easily passed through the urinary tract. Sharp pain in the lateral and median portions of the lower back is among the main symptoms.
The kidney is an important feature of homeostasis within the body. It is responsible for regulating electrolyte concentrations, acid-base balances, regulation of extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure regulation. The kidney works both separately and together with different organs so as to do these important jobs. The kidneys work directly along with the endocrine system and many endocrine hormones coordinate these functions including: angiotensin II, aldosterone, rennin and others.
The majority of the functions which the kidney performs is done by fairly simple mechanisms of filtration, secretion and reabsorption, that occurs in the kidney nephron. Filtration would typically happen within the renal corpuscle. This is the process by which big proteins and cells are filtered from the blood to make an ultra-filtrate. This substance ultimately becomes urine. The kidney produces around 180 litres of filtrate on a daily basis. They reabsorb a large percentage of the filtrate and generate about just 2 litres of urine on a daily basis. Reabsorption is the word for the transportation of molecules from this ultra-filtrate into the blood. Conversely, secretion is the opposite method, wherein molecules are transported in the opposite direction, from the blood into the urine.
The kidneys are responsible for excreting numerous wastes from the body which are generated by metabolism. These nitrogenous wastes consist of urea from protein catabolism and uric acid from nucleic acid metabolism.
Click to Download the pdf